An interesting framework for exploring spiritual vs religious tourism by Joseph M. Cheer Yaniv Belhassen Joanna Kujawa in Tourism Management Perspectives
The search for spirituality in tourism: Toward a conceptual framework for spiritual tourism
"Considering secular motivations firstly, it is clear that underlying the many specific drivers are deliberations focused on the self with motives like wellness, adventure or recreation predominant. Additionally, focus tends to be on the attainment of some kind of spiritual benefit, such as
getting in touch with one's inner self or achieving an altered state of consciousness. Further, such opportunities are shaped by the commodification of spiritual tourism experiences either as a package of travel components or payment for some facets (accommodation and food).
In emphasising the self, secular drivers for spiritual tourism are consumptive by nature attributing beneficial outcomes to the traveller. Conversely, religious motivations for spiritual tourism largely leverage links to religion and are centred on specific drivers that are underlined by religious observance, ritualised practice, reaffirmation of identity and cultural performance. Here, the purposes for spiritual tourism link to reverence and connectivity to a higher authority or deity with the rewards underlined by religious practice predicated on institutionalised and genuine participation, with beneficial outcomes over and above the self. Indeed the focus is very much on the institutional or religious frameworks that govern travel for such purposes."
It makes me think a lot about the different types of yoga tourists.